The coasts have been fished empty, now deep sea fishing is the goal
There are barely any rules governing international waters. Fish are declared free like birds. Unregulated fishing, a dream for every modern-day industrial fisherman.
Most bottom trawling takes place in those areas where there are no regulations: unregulated fishing. That means that there are simply no rules to check what fishing fleets actually do. Illegal fishing means that a law has to be broken and as we know, this accounts for at least 50% of all catches. In this instance there is quite simply no law. And that is exactly what has to change.
Blue whiting at a depth of 200 to 400 metres. This pelagic deep-sea fish lives close to the ground during the day and at night makes its vertical trip to the surface. There are probably 50 times more of this fish than there are cod. The hunt for blue whiting has tripled over the past ten years, a cheap product to make into fishmeal and fish oil. Trawlers with their huge Gloria nets can bring up whiting from a depth of 500 metres. Ships now come into the ports completely overloaded.
The prognosis for deep sea fish stocks is perhaps gloomy. It is assumed that deep sea fish stocks will depleted many times more quickly than the fish stocks along the coasts. Deep sea fish live longer, are less numerous and grow slower. Deep sea fish are present in less abundant quantities than fish in shallow waters. However they are easy prey for industrial fishing. Deep sea schools of fish gather at visible spots such as banks and ridges to mate and to eat. The most productive places are the underwater volcanoes. 30,000 of these can be found in the Pacific Ocean and 6,000 in the Atlantic Ocean.
The life of the blue whiting, the Atlantic emperor fish, the red-nosed grenadier fish, the black swordfish, the flathead and the dogfish are already or will be endangered.